<strong>Pied Oystercatchers</strong> are commonly seen foraging on the sandbars of the Mossman River estuary. They are black and white with a bright red bill and legs. They use their strong straight red bill to open bivalves in the sand. <strong>Spectacled Fruit Bats</strong> play a vital role in maintaining the health of the rainforest. Sometimes they are seen at roost during the day, more often they are seen emerging at sundown for a busy night foraging for rainforest fruit. The <strong>Eastern Water Dragon</strong>, superficially similar to an iguana, is a common insectivorous reptile regularly found on Daintree cruises. They are common on the east coast of Australia. Males are larger and more colourful. The <strong>Green Tree-snake</strong>, aka Common Tree-snake, is a non-venomous colubrid commonly found on cruises, particularly on warm winter mornings. Common prey items include frogs. Amethystine Python are also found less frequently. <strong>White-bellied Sea Eagle</strong> is one of several raptors commonly seen on Mossman River cruises. They along with Eastern Osprey and Brahminy Kite are often seen diving into the sea or river to grab fish with their powerful talons. The yellow-billed <strong>Crested Tern</strong> is one of several terns that can be seen on Mossman cruises. Others include the heavy-billed Gull-billed Tern, the orange-billed Lesser Crested Tern, the red-billed Caspian Tern, and the diminutive Little Tern. The <strong>Eastern Curlew</strong> is one of several migratory waders that can be seen on Mossman River cruises. Others include Whimbrel, Bar-tailed Godwit, Grey-tailed Tattler, Common Sandpiper, as well as Greater and Lesser Sand-plover. <strong>Mangrove Robin</strong> is another estuarine bird restricted to mangroves and a specialty of the Mossman River. They are secretive and often skulk deep within riverine vegetation. Their mournful whistle call is usually heard first. The <strong>Collared Kingfisher</strong> is restricted to the mangroves and is a key target bird on Mossman River cruises. They are similar to Sacred Kingfisher but are larger. Sacred, Azure, Forest and Little Kingfishers are also present. The <strong>Beach Stone Curlew</strong> is an uncommon resident of river estuaries but is seen on 80% of cruises on the Mossman River. Particularly on a lower tide they can be seen foraging on tidal mud, using their large bill to catch small crabs. The <strong>Saltwater Crocodile</strong>, aka Estuarine Crocodile, is the world’s largest crocodile and world’s heaviest reptile. In good conditions, 3 or 4 crocs should be seen on a river cruise. Best conditions are a low tide on a warm winter’s day. The <strong>Wompoo Fruit-dove</strong> is quite commonly seen sitting on tiny untidy nests. Particularly in winter they can be seen raiding fruiting trees such as Blue Quandong, often in association with Pied Imperial Pigeons and Topknot Pigeons. The <strong>Shining Flycatcher</strong> is sexually dimorphic. The female is cinnamon brown and white whilst the male is black turning shiny blue in direct sunlight. They are seen on 99% of cruises. Leaden Flycatcher are also present on the river. The <strong>Black Bittern</strong> is a highly sought-after migrant arriving from South-east Asia in October to nest over the summer in riverine Water Gums. Striated Herons, also present, are similar but smaller with a dark cap. The <strong>Azure Kingfisher </strong>is the most commonly seen & photographed kingfisher on the Daintree River. It is common along creeks and rivers in northern and eastern Australia. It is seen on 99% of cruises, sometimes within metres. The <strong>Little Kingfisher</strong>, at just 13cms, is the second smallest kingfisher in the world. It inhabits waterways through northern Australia and PNG. It is most easily observed on lower tides during the cooler winter Dry Season. <strong>Papuan Frogmouth</strong> perch motionless during the day relying on their mottled grey plumage to look like a branch and avoid detection. They are found on most cruises particularly during the second half of the year. The <strong>Great-billed Heron</strong> is the most sought-after bird on the river. This secretive bird is a resident of rivers in northern Australia and South-east Asia. Lower tides offer the best chance of observation. It is seen on about 90% of cruises.